By Sali A. Tagliamonte
The examine of the way language varies in social context, and the way it may be analyzed and accounted for, are the major pursuits of sociolinguistics. earlier, although, the particular instruments and strategies were principally handed on via 'word of mouth', instead of being officially documented. this is often the 1st complete 'how to' consultant to the formal research of sociolinguistic version. It indicates step by step how the research is conducted, best the reader via each degree of a learn venture from begin to end. themes coated comprise fieldwork, info association and administration, research and interpretation, featuring learn effects, and writing up a paper. sensible and casual, the booklet comprises the entire details had to behavior a fully-fledged sociolinguistic research, and contains workouts, checklists, references and insider counsel. it truly is set to develop into an important source for college students, researchers and fieldworkers embarking on study initiatives in sociolinguistics.
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Additional info for Analysing Sociolinguistic Variation (Key Topics in Sociolinguistics)
G. first generation, second generation, third generation. e. one male and one female per cell. Alternatively, perhaps two of each per cell would be better? What about socioeconomic class, education, and any number of other important external characteristics? An important rubric to follow is to keep it well 32 ANALYSING SOCIOLINGUISTIC VARIATION delineated. Ensure that if one dimension changes, the other dimensions stay constant; otherwise it will be impossible to disentangle the effects. The sample design must stop somewhere, while at the same time allowing for relevant external dimensions to be taken into account.
The personal stamina required to ‘stick it out’ is often high. However, the difficulties are usually due to the uncomfortable circumstances, both physical and emotional, and the frustrations of waiting on interviewers and/or informants, rather than the challenges of data collection itself. Tip Every fieldworker likely has fieldwork stories to tell. I recommend judicious use of an interview module somewhat along the lines of ‘fieldwork adventures’. It may prove invaluable for engaging in small talk with sociolinguists, if you ever happen to run into one at a conference party and do not know what to talk about.
In our recent fieldwork in Toronto we found that the most important strategies for success were much more practical, as in (9) (Tagliamonte et al. 2004): (9) a. work in pairs b. e. not after a long weekend, not on a rainy day, not between 2pm and 4pm, not after a big sports win, etc. c. ring the doorbell and knock on the door d. tell the prospective informant about the project e. ’ f. ideally, conduct an interview on the spot; if not, suggest a time and book it g. call to remind the informant about the interview the night before Tip The best fieldwork advice I ever got was before I left on my fieldwork expedition to Nova Scotia in the spring of 1991.
Analysing Sociolinguistic Variation (Key Topics in Sociolinguistics) by Sali A. Tagliamonte