By Z. Gabsi.
The Tunisian Berber (or Shilha) vernaculars are one of the least defined Afroasiatic (Hamito-Semitic) languages to at the present time. even supposing they've been provisionally assigned to the North-Berber crew in the Berber department of Afroasiatic, their speedy association is still an open query. The relevant job of this current paintings is to explain the phonology, morphology and syntax of Douiret. much less valuable to the goals of the learn is the research of the elemental wordstores of the 3 surviving Shilha types which come with Douiret, Chninni (or Chenini) and Ouirsighen (Jerba). The Shilha number of Douiret is selected for this examine since it nonetheless keeps a few primary parts of Berber constitution which aren't very multiple to different Berber languages corresponding to Kabyle and Tamazight. The examine exhibits that Tunisian Berber nonetheless survives at the present time, yet its destiny is still doubtful within the face of the forces of urbanisation, monetary migration and absence of presidency help all of that can give a contribution hypothetically to its most probably loss of life. This research should be pursued just about the social and cultural context of the Tunisian Berber vernaculars. study at the nature of language touch bewtween Tunisian Arabic and Shilha is virtually non-existent and during this learn, is a secondary quandary. The robust impression of the neighborhood Arabic superstratum on Shilha in phonology, morphology, syntax and lexis is additionally investigated, in addition to the presence of Berber parts within the specified Arabic dialect of Tunisia. because the thesis identify indicates, this research shouldn't be taken because the final observe on Berber in Tunisia. The little to be had info on Berber in Tunisia makes the duty more durable in developing a transparent photo of its constitution and dating with different Berber languages akin to Kabyle and Tamazight.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) (Education)
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Additional info for An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret (Southern Tunisia)
Chapter 1 General Introduction 12 With the establishment of the Husseinite dynasty (1705), southern Tunisia consisted of the following inhabitants: 11 1. South-East of Tunisia: The inhabitants include the Urghemma or arabized Berbers 12 , Matmata Berbers, remnants of the Demer Berbers, remnants of the Oulad Dabbab (Arabs who came with the Hilalian tribe), a fraction of the descendants of the Haraba Tribe who came in the first Arab conquest of North Africa and include (Trafia, Mekhalba and Dehiba), Maraboutic13 tribes of Mednine and Temara (today Metmour) and tribes referred to as the Berber Jbeliyye.
The booklet did not mention any government initiatives to revive the Berber language. 5 shows, the three factors that determine ethnolinguistic vitality work against the Berbers in Tunisia. It is probably safe to assert that the low population of Berbers in Tunisia is a very crucial contributor to its current prestige. 35 Based on El Aissati (1993:30). Chapter 1 General Introduction 30 With Shilba' s lack of prestige, one may discuss the evident language shift in the Berber community. There are no studies to-date on the language shift in the Berber community in Tunisia.
For instance, Kaye ( 1976:9) claimed that "The Arabic of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan adheres more closely to the classical language than any other dialect outside Arabia". Negative attitude towards Maghribine dialects have made its speakers feel inadequate and ashamed, especially when they are a minority among a majority of Eastern Arabic speakers. IS This is reminiscent ofGiles's "accommodation theory" where she defines it as: 18 This phenomenon is observed in the writer's own observations in the Australian context where Tunisians communicate with Egyptian and Lebanese speakers.
An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret (Southern Tunisia) by Z. Gabsi.