By Reiner Wichert, Helmut Klausing
In this publication, best authors within the box speak about advancements of Ambient Assisted residing. The contributions were selected and invited on the seventh AAL congress, Berlin. It offers new technological advancements which help the autonomy and independence of people with detailed wishes. because the technological innovation increases additionally social concerns, the publication addresses micro and macro reasonable features of assistive structures and places an extra emphasis at the moral and criminal dialogue. The presentation is supported by means of actual global examples and applications.
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Extra info for Ambient Assisted Living: 7. AAL-Kongress 2014 Berlin, Germany, January 21-22, 2014
The most important tools to achieve this behaviour are a two dimensional occupancy grid that represents the surroundings of the wheelchair, and the so-called safety-regions (see Fig. 10, DFKI patent ), depending on speed and direction. While the ﬁrst is constructed by integrating recent odometry and 2D laser range ﬁnder readings, the latter effectively speeds up necessary map look-ups within the area that the wheelchair will traverse in the next time steps. 2 3D Obstacle Avoidance In the ASSAM project, shortcomings of the 2D obstacle avoidance algorithm are tackled by adapting hardware and software to a full three dimensional representation of the environment.
Results also show a measureable decrease of cognitive demands when using the driving assistant, measured by the entropy rate of logged controller histograms. The latter observation, in particular, renders the system applicable for users with mild cognitive deﬁcits. During the test session valuable support was received by the clinical staff, mostly by occupational therapists taking care of the volunteers. One major criticism that we received was that the system we provided did not visually indicated the spatial location of obstacles that triggered an intervention.
Fig. e. it provides the knowledge of occupied and free areas. On this map, a coarse navigation graph is superimposed, the (labelled) nodes of which deﬁne major places in the environment. An edge in-between two nodes allows navigation by the wheelchair. Of course, local dynamic obstacles may obstruct a globally planned route. Thus two more mechanisms have been introduced. The ﬁrst is a route tracking control mechanism proceeding along the global route, while the second is given by the Driving Assistant (cf.
Ambient Assisted Living: 7. AAL-Kongress 2014 Berlin, Germany, January 21-22, 2014 by Reiner Wichert, Helmut Klausing