Download PDF by Ian Smillie: Alms Bazaar: Altruism Under Fire: Non-Profit Organizations

By Ian Smillie

ISBN-10: 0889367817

ISBN-13: 9780889367814

Written by way of an insider, this learn of foreign improvement businesses levels from Biafra to Rwanda, from administrative charges to participatory improvement, from the intense hopes of the Nineteen Sixties to the consequences of the newest Mexican monetary main issue. The phenomenon of the transnational mega-charity is tested as are the threats to the independence of voluntary organisations from governments, UN enterprises and from charities themselves. this is often additionally a narrative approximately classes of heroism and folly, of bungling and good fortune and failure - and of achievements that experience stronger the lives of thousands.

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Extra info for Alms Bazaar: Altruism Under Fire: Non-Profit Organizations and International Development

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Some of the great struggles facing international voluntary organizations are glimpsed in the attempt to describe and name it. But there is another dimension. In 1977, Jørgen Lissner observed that altruistic intentions must be translated into concrete action. 'In a world of conflicting interests, that means making choices which are political, 35 accepting compromises which are debateable, and influencing public opinion in one direction, rather than another. '2° The following chapters will deal with how NGOs turn intentions into action, how they cope with conflicting interests, how they make choices and compromises, and how they influence public opinion.

Guilt is disparaged by most progressive charities, but it is used often blatantly - in some of the most effective fundraising campaigns. It motivates the giver, but it also motivates the asker. 'I felt impelled to do it out of a sense of rage and shame,' Bob Geldof said of his fundraising efforts for Ethiopia in the mid-1980s. 'Shame was the over-riding thing. '5 Fear, sometimes described as self-interest, can also be a powerful motivating force in the creation of, and public support for, voluntary organizations.

Many Southern NGOs have done the same. 'Second generation' strategies focus on self-reliant local development, often small-scale community improvement projects. 'Third generation' strategies involve 'sustainable systems development': strategies that seek to influence the broader policy framework which may well impinge on the success of projects at the micro-level. A third generation strategy might combine, for example, village agricultural projects with a programme aimed at altering a government's policy on the encouragement of local ownership of irrigation systems.

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Alms Bazaar: Altruism Under Fire: Non-Profit Organizations and International Development by Ian Smillie

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