By Andrews Reath
Andrews Reath provides a range of his most sensible essays on quite a few gains of Kant's ethical psychology and ethical conception, with specific emphasis on his belief of rational corporation and his notion of autonomy. jointly the essays articulate Reath's unique method of Kant's perspectives approximately human autonomy, and is the reason Kant's trust that goal ethical standards are in line with rules we decide for ourselves. With new papers, and revised models of numerous others, the quantity should be of significant curiosity to all scholars and students of Kant and of ethical philosophy.
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Extra resources for Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays
It holds that all desires are desires for pleasure in the agent, or for the means thereto, where pleasure is construed as a deﬁnite feeling or experience. Alternatively it is the thesis that the only object desired for its own sake is pleasure. Thus it makes the desire for pleasure the primary motive to human action, to which all other motives can be reduced. The standard rebuttal is that psychological hedonism confuses the object of a desire with the satisfaction that will result when that object is attained.
The important claim here is that feelings of pleasure which an individual has experienced play some causal role in the processes by which natural desires arise. The feature that Kant singles out is that inclinations are caused by some previously experienced satisfactions. ⁹ Further, actions motivated by inclinations fall under heteronomy because their underlying motives are produced by causal processes that do not involve the will.
That is, it is a disposition to accord oneself a special standing to make claims on one’s own behalf in virtue of one’s superior personal worth—again, out of love for oneself. In self-love you love yourself more than you love others. But in selfconceit you love yourself as better; you express your love for yourself by taking yourself to have greater personal worth. If your standing to make claims is based on your superior personal worth, then you take yourself to have standing to make claims that others do not possess, and you cannot acknowledge that others have standing to make even the limited claims of self-love just described.
Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays by Andrews Reath