By Ruth M. Stone
Explores key subject matters in African tune that experience emerged in fresh years-a topic frequently missed in country-by-country coverage
emphasizes the contexts of musical performance-unlike stories that supply static interpretations remoted from different appearing traditions
presents the clean insights and analyses of musicologists and anthropologists of various nationwide origins-African, Asian, eu, and American
Charts the stream and impression of musicThe Encyclopedia also charts the musical interchanges that the flow of individuals and concepts around the continent, together with:
cross-regional musical impacts all through Africa
* Islam and its influence on African song
* unfold of guitar track
* Kru mariners of Liberia
* Latin American affects on African song
* musical interchanges in neighborhood contexts
* crossovers among renowned and conventional practices. Audio CD integrated.
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Additional resources for Africa (Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 1)
All rights reserved. Because costs of transport of terrestrial migrants are high, and risks of predation severe, there are few species of small animals that migrate by walking or running, and all animals making terrestrial migrations of more than a few kilometers are relatively large mammals, such as wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus), caribou (Rangifer tarandus), and bison (Bos bison). In insects, migration occurs fairly frequently among species in the orders Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) and Diptera (flies) and occasionally in Orthoptera (grasshoppers and locusts), Colleoptera (beetles), and Odonata (dragonflies).
Not all animals use the same fuel and some may even use different substrates during different stages of a prolonged trip, particularly if feeding is not possible. Glycogen and trehalose, a disaccharide that hydrolyzes to glucose, may be used in metabolic pathways of some migrant Diptera (flies) and Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). Other species typically store glycogen, which is transformed to glucose (a simple sugar) for use in the Krebs cycle. In birds, glucose and glycogen are used for muscular activity, but accumulation of lipid for migration has been observed widely; it has been demonstrated in at least 40 families of birds.
Subsequent fattening is manifested as greater amounts of subcutaneous fat plus some abdominal storage. In the final stages of fattening, intraabdominal deposits become extreme. , abdominal fat is used first and subcutaneous fat last). It is logical that lipid nearest sites of utilization would be easiest to mobilize, but there is evidence that the molecular nature of the fatty acids Migration, Energy Costs of 0 15 10 House sparrow 5 0 15 Yellow-vented bulbul Dec. Nov. Oct. Sept. Aug. July June May Apr.
Africa (Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 1) by Ruth M. Stone