By Eliezer Schweid
A finished, interdisciplinary account of the key thinkers and activities in glossy Jewish concept, within the context of common philosophy and Jewish social-political ancient advancements. quantity 1 (of five) covers the interval from Spinoza throughout the Enlightenment.
Read Online or Download A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy, Volume 1: The Period of the Enlightenment (Supplements to The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy, Volume 14) PDF
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Additional info for A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy, Volume 1: The Period of the Enlightenment (Supplements to The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy, Volume 14)
This puts philosophy in an unusual position: the human spirit appears in it as if it contradicts itself or exceeds its boundaries. From this aspect, it is a philosophy “of” religion not because it comes to serve it out of obedience to its directives, but the opposite: because it comes to serve the culture, which needs religion for its own agenda. Therefore philosophy defines religion as a special object for its analysis, and only in this judaism, philosophy and modernity 33 sense is the inquiry “of” religion, to include it, in its uniqueness, into the systematic thought-process that unites all the autonomous realms of knowledge and creation of humanity.
On the contrary—before the opposition became manifest, the common cultural substructure was already apparent: the parallel critiques of idolatry, and the recognition of the unity of the world and of God. The great opposition became manifest only when each side examined in depth the spiritual process that underlay the opposing side’s position. Only that deeper awareness highlighted it and revealed the tension not only between religion and philosophy, but within each of them separately. This, at any rate, is the explanation for the fact that the first encounter between prophetic-rabbinic faith and Greek philosophy, which occurred in Hellenistic Alexandria, emphasized the common denominator between the two paths more than the opposition between them.
Nevertheless, we should emphasize that although the philosophy of the Enlightenment expressed consistently the secular revolt against the authority of religion, it immediately stumbled on its own limitations. It faltered both in its ability to compete with religion in ruling the masses, and in its ability to overcome the dilemmas in its own epistemology and the contradictions that came to light constantly in scientific research and philosophical analysis. One case in point was judaism, philosophy and modernity 31 the problem of understanding the relation of the knowing subject to the known object.
A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy, Volume 1: The Period of the Enlightenment (Supplements to The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy, Volume 14) by Eliezer Schweid