By Vít Bubeník
This monograph goals to shut the distance in our wisdom of the character and speed of grammatical swap throughout the formative interval of todays Indo-Aryan languages. in the course of the 6th-12th c. the slow erosion of the substitute morphology of outdated Indo-Aryan resulted finally within the remodelling of its syntax towards the hot Indo-Aryan analytic type.
This examine concentrates at the emergence and improvement of the ergative building by way of the passive-to-ergative reanalysis and the co-existence of the ergative building with the outdated and new analytic passive buildings. specific consciousness is paid to the actuation challenge visible because the tug of battle among conservative and eliminative forces in the course of their improvement. different chapters take care of the evolution of grammatical and lexical element, causativization, modality, absolute structures and subordination.
This research is predicated on a wealth of recent info gleaned from unique poetic works in Apabhraṃśa (by Svayaṃbhādeva, Puṣpadanta, Haribhadra, Somaprabha et al.). It includes sections facing descriptive ideas of Medieval Indian grammarians (esp. Hemacandra). all of the Sanskrit, Prakrit and Apabhraṃśa examples are regularly parsed and translated.
The opus is forged within the theoretical framework of practical Grammar of the Prague and Amsterdam colleges. it may be of specific curiosity to students and scholars of Indo-Aryan and normal historic linguistics, particularly these attracted to the problems of morphosyntactic swap and typology of their sociohistorical environment.
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Additional resources for A Historical Syntax of Late Middle Indo-Aryan (Apabhraṃśa)
Aho, -ihe, -uho of DigAp); Instr Sg -e/ina (and later on -i) in SvAp (vs. -e/ina, -ē/ĩ in DigAp); the absence of va-sruti and non-elision of v and m before u in SvAp (vs. the occurrence of these two phenomena in DigAp). 1. At this point we have to consider the salient innovative features of Apabhrarnsa vis-a-vis its earlier Prakrit stage (sometimes called Second MIA stage). I want to make only broadest statements about phonology, morphology and morphosyntax (for details the reader is referred to Bubenik 1996).
I want to make only broadest statements about phonology, morphology and morphosyntax (for details the reader is referred to Bubenik 1996). Phonology: i) Apabhrarnsa preserved the Prakrit phonological system virtually intact. The only addition to the phonemic inventory was v resulting from m in intervocalic position (in our texts this v is spelled with MV or only M or V). A potential minimal pair may be seen in /kuvāra/ "prince" (< /kumāra/) vs. /kuvāra/ "cry" (< kupāra
Ptolemy mentioned them under the name of Abiria and at the beginning 28 A HISTORICAL SYNTAX OF LATE MIDDLE INDO-ARYAN of our era there were Abhira rulers as far east as Nepal. Samudra Gupta (4th c. ) recorded their name as one of the conquered nations on the stone pillar at Allahabad. At the time of Islamic invasions they held Khandesh and Nimar (between contemporary Surat and Nagpur). Nowadays, their name Āhīrī survives in several ethnolinguistic terms, namely: i) Mālvī spoken by non-Rajputs in Malwa; ii) a tribal Bhili dialect of Kutch (viewed by Grierson as a Gujarati dialect with a Bhili substrate)1; iii) Ahīrdnī, a usual name for Khandeshi in Maharashtra; iv) and Ahīrwāti, a dialect of Mewati, spoken in West Gurgaon and Haryana, Southwest of Delhi.
A Historical Syntax of Late Middle Indo-Aryan (Apabhraṃśa) by Vít Bubeník