A Cultural History of Aramaic: From the Beginnings to the - download pdf or read online

By Holger Gzella

ISBN-10: 9004285091

ISBN-13: 9789004285095

Aramaic is a continuing thread working throughout the quite a few civilizations of the close to East, historic and glossy, from a thousand BCE to the current, and has been the language of small principalities, global empires, and a good proportion of the Jewish-Christian culture. Holger Gzella describes its cultural and linguistic historical past as a continuing evolution from its beginnings to the arrival of Islam. For the 1st time the person levels of the language, their socio-historical underpinnings, and the textual resources are mentioned comprehensively in gentle of the most recent linguistic and ancient study and with considerable realization to scribal traditions, multilingualism, and language as a marker of cultural self-awareness. Many new observations on Aramaic are thereby built-in right into a coherent old framework.

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Extra resources for A Cultural History of Aramaic: From the Beginnings to the Advent of Islam (Handbook of Oriental Studies, Volume 111)

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46 Some salient developments will be discussed more systematically in the following Section. Together, this part of the present volume can be seen as a prolegomenon to a still unwritten comprehensive historical grammar of Aramaic down to the spread of Islam, with a focus on the early period. ). They are all illustrated by examples from the primary sources themselves that can compensate for the more abstract and purposefully generic presentation here. 1 above) and does not offer any consistent historical reconstruction.

Arabic ʾanta. M. Al-Jallad kindly points out to me). e. 3 below). The earlier etymological spelling hʾ for the masculine and feminine third-person singular forms points to an original final glottal stop, which nonetheless disappeared already during the early Old Aramaic period. On forms in /-m/, which are used in the sense of ‘the same’ or ‘the above-mentioned’ in Achaemenid Official Aramaic, see now Naveh – Shaked 2012: 208–209. 2 for a brief discussion). As in other Semitic languages, nouns and adjectives basically belong to a series of fixed templates of abstract, mostly consonantal, roots with different vowel sequences and partly also pre- and affixes.

2011. 3 below). At the same time, the gap between the philologicalhistorical investigation of the older varieties and descriptive-linguistic research on modern Aramaic has widened: the former bears greater resemblance to the text-based study of other ancient languages that focuses on individual details, whereas the latter connects more closely with the systematic analysis of other unwritten far-away idioms. A survey of the ground covered thus far suggests that future research on Aramaic will increasingly address more specific and comparative issues that feature less prominently in the time-honoured framework of philological grammars.

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A Cultural History of Aramaic: From the Beginnings to the Advent of Islam (Handbook of Oriental Studies, Volume 111) by Holger Gzella

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