A Brief History of Thought: A Philosophical Guide to Living - download pdf or read online

By Luc Ferry

ISBN-10: 0062074245

ISBN-13: 9780062074249

8 months at the bestseller lists in France!

From the undying knowledge of the traditional Greeks to Christianity, the Enlightenment, existentialism, and postmodernism, Luc Ferry’s immediate vintage brilliantly and accessibly explains the long-lasting teachings of philosophy—including its profound relevance to trendy everyday life and its crucial position in attaining happiness and residing a significant lifestyles. This vigorous trip during the nice thinkers will enlighten each reader, old and young.

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And concepts are understood as metaphors that are even more remote from our direct experience of unique, complex phenomena. 22 Here the agnosticism of Kant is compounded, because we do not know things-in-themselves and, because of the metaphorical nature of language and concepts, we transform the complexity of the phenomena we have perceived. What concerns Nietzsche is the fact that our ordinary judgments are abstract, simplifying, de-individuating abbreviations of what we have experienced. ” Thereby, we have deleted the specificity of this leaf, expunged its particular texture, contour, shape, etc.

However, when he puts forward his “interpretation” and “hypothesis” of a universal will to power, despite his efforts to suggest that this is a metaphorical image of reality and not a dogmatic metaphysical claim to knowledge of such a reality, he seems to fall prey to his own version of an unknowable reality-in-itself. Nietzsche raises pointed questions about Kant’s project in the Critique of Pure Reason when he calls attention to Kant’s belief in “the fact of knowledge”29 and to the paradox of claiming to possess “knowledge of knowledge” in a work that seeks to delimit the range of human knowledge.

18 The terra incognita of ultimate mystery, he felt, cried out for a poetic creation of a “world of values” that would give a meaning 26 Nietzsche’s Anthropic Circle to man not found in what he called the “broken fragments” of scientific facts. This “free poetry,” he thought, “may . . ”20 In The Birth of Tragedy Nietzsche had already adopted Lange’s standpoint of the ideal by offering a mythopoetic image of reality that imbues life with an aesthetic meaning. 21 In both The Birth of Tragedy and “Truth and Lying in an Extra-Moral Sense” Nietzsche retains the distinction between phenomena and things-inthemselves even though he was already quite aware of criticisms of the latter.

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A Brief History of Thought: A Philosophical Guide to Living by Luc Ferry

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